The NIH has policies on sharing of research data that apply to recipients of funding through their grant programs. Their definition of research data is: "recorded factual material as is typically understood by the scientific community to be necessary to validate reported research findings". This excludes drafts of papers, plans for future research, peer reviews and communications with colleagues, and items that are legally protected through IP laws, such as trade secrets and proprietary information. The privacy of those who participate in clinical trials is also protected. Some of the various guidance documents are:
record keeping, reporting) that apply uniformly to institutions of higher education, hospitals and non-profit organizations. These requirements do not apply to private companies or government agencies. The document was revised in November 1993 and again in September 1999.
research funding obtained from the government for stem cell research as a result of the stem cell controversy and new policies set forth by President Obama.