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Industrial Biotechnology

Articles and discussion on how biotechnology is changing industry and manufacturing, from the use of of new biomaterials for manufacturing and production to how developments outside of biotechnology affect the biotech industry.

Synthetic Biology: The Next Step in Genetic Engineering
Genetic engineering usually refers to just inserting or altering genes in animals or plants to make a genetically modified organism. What about making a whole new organism from scratch? Using genetic engineering to design and produce solutions to pressing global problems. (Posted: Nov 5, 2013)

Biomass Plastics
Biomass plastics are not petroleum products but are made from polymers during fermentation of sugars obtained from plants, but they are not always biodegradable.

Like biomass plastics, bioplastics are made by fermentation of sugars obtained from plants, but bioplastics are biodegradable because their polymers are different from petroleum-derived plastics.

Six Advantages to Hydrogels as Therapeutic Agents
Once used for simple encapsulation of cells or drugs, in homogeneous materials, todays hydrogels are more complex. What makes hydrogels such a great choice for development of therapeutics?

Biomedical Applications for Smart Polymers
A description of the possible and current uses for smart polymers in the biotechnology industry. Types of stimulus responsive polymers and nanoparticles are explained and their potential for use in biomedicine is discussed.

Nanomedicine and Disease
How nanotechnology is being applied to nanomedicine and the treatment of diseases such as cancer.

Nanoparticles Used in Biotechnology
A summary and classification of the nanoparticles most commonly used in nanomedical research and other biotechnological applications.

Are Nanoparticles Safe?
What are the risks to using nanoparticles in biotechnology, specifically biomedicine, and how can they be minimized?

Carbon nanotubes and buckyballs belong to a class of carbon-based nanoparticles known as the fullerenes.

Nanoshells are used in nanomedicine as a tool for radiation therapy because of their ability to target tumors.

Dendrimers are highly branched nanoparticles whose polymer branches consist of molecular hooks that can target specific biomolecules.

Enzymes Used in the Dairy Industry
A description of the types of enzymes used in the dairy industry and their role in the production of cheese, yogurt and other food products.

Liquid Crystals
Liquid crystal pharmaceuticals (LCPs) are drug delivery systems that use organic liquid crystals for safe drug delivery.

Are Nanoparticles Safe?
An outline of what nanoparticles are, how they are applied in biotechnolgy and safety issues surrounding their use.

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